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THE TRIPOLI TREATY

In some cases when dealing with other nations it was necessary for the American founding fathers to emphasize the meaning of their “new secular order.” For example, when the U.S. Constitution was ratified in 1789, which made the new government officially secular, the new nation began the process of seeking diplomatic recognition from, and establishing diplomatic relations with, other nations of the world. In some cases other nations were – for religious reasons – reluctant to enter into a treaty with a nation they considered to be Christian. The most famous example is the Tripoli Treaty of 1796. Tripoli (now called Libya) was a Mohammedan nation that, because Muslims had traditionally been enemies of crusading Christians, was reluctant to conclude a “Treaty of Peace and Friendship” with the (as they supposed) Christian United States. (They found it hard to believe that Christians would turn their backs on their God via a secular government.) Because the government of Tripoli was not secular, their Arabic copy of the treaty continually mentions and glorifies their god, Allah. The Arabic copy of the Tripoli Treaty continually refers to the U.S. as “the American Christian nation”, and it refers to nations unfriendly with Tripoli as “Christian enemies.” In Article 3, for example, where the English says “citizens”, the Arabic copy says “American Christians.” And where the English says “an enemy”, the Arabic says “Christian enemies.”

 

The f-ing fathers wanted their new nation to be recognized as legitimate by other established nations. Tripoli was reluctant to do so. Therefore, in order to sweeten the deal the f-ing fathers agreed to the Bey’s demands (!) that he be given financial incentive (Article 10) and that his nation be given most favored nation trade status (Article 9). And, of course, there was the problem of Christianity. In an effort to reassure these suspicious Mohammedans that they were not dealing with a Christian government, the f-ing fathers included the famous Article 11, which plainly and officially says, “the government of the United States of America is not in any sense founded on the Christian religion.” Why do Christians ignore the Tripoli Treaty and the Great Secular Seal and instead turn to various unofficial remarks made by the f-ing fathers? Because they don’t like the fact that the Tripoli Treaty and the Great Secular Seal are official. The f-ing fathers carefully considered and carefully worded them because they were among their earliest official acts. I say again, if Christians do not like something in history or in the Bible they ignore it!

 

The Tripoli Treaty was made at the end of President George Washington’s term, discussed and ratified in person by our f-ing fathers in the Senate, who then advised the new president, John Adams, to sign it. When he signed it, President Adams ordered all U.S. citizens to faithfully observe every clause and article thereof! Read it for yourself, especially Articles 9 through 11 and the ratification’s executive order at the end:

 

Treaty of Peace and Friendship between the United States of America and

the Bey and Subjects of Tripoli of Barbary.

 

ARTICLE 1.

There is a firm and perpetual Peace and friendship between the United States of America and the Bey and subjects of Tripoli of Barbary, made by the free consent of both parties, and guaranteed by the most potent Dey & regency of Algiers.

 

ARTICLE 2.

If any goods belonging to any nation with which either of the parties is at war shall be loaded on board of vessels belonging to the other party they shall pass free, and no attempt shall be made to take or detain them.

 

ARTICLE 3.

If any citizens, subjects or effects belonging to either party shall be found on board a prize vessel taken from an enemy by the other party, such citizens or subjects shall be set at liberty, and the effects restored to the owners.

 

ARTICLE 4.

Proper passports are to be given to all vessels of both parties, by which they are to be known. And, considering the distance between the two countries, eighteen months from the date of this treaty shall be allowed for procuring such passports. During this interval the other papers belonging to such vessels shall be sufficient for their protection.

 

ARTICLE 5.

A citizen or subject of either party having bought a prize vessel condemned by the other party or by any other nation, the certificate of condemnation and bill of sale shall be a sufficient passport for such vessel for one year; this being a reasonable time for her to procure a proper passport.

 

ARTICLE 6.

Vessels of either party putting into the ports of the other and having need of provissions or other supplies, they shall be furnished at the market price. And if any such vessel shall so put in from a disaster at sea and have occasion to repair, she shall be at liberty to land and reembark her cargo without paying any duties. But in no case shall she be compelled to land her cargo.

 

ARTICLE 7.

Should a vessel of either party be cast on the shore of the other, all proper assistance shall be given to her and her people; no pillage shall be allowed; the property shall remain at the disposition of the owners, and the crew protected and succoured till they can be sent to their country.

 

ARTICLE 8.

If a vessel of either party should be attacked by an enemy within gun-shot of the forts of the other she shall be defended as much as possible. If she be in port she shall not be seized or attacked when it is in the power of the other party to protect her. And when she proceeds to sea no enemy shall be allowed to pursue her from the same port within twenty four hours after her departure.

 

ARTICLE 9.

The commerce between the United States and Tripoli, -the protection to be given to merchants, masters of vessels and seamen,- the reciprocal right of establishing consuls in each country, and the privileges, immunities and jurisdictions to be enjoyed by such consuls, are declared to be on the same footing with those of the most favoured nations respectively.

 

ARTICLE 10.

The money and presents demanded by the Bey of Tripoli as a full and satisfactory consideration on his part and on the part of his subjects for this treaty of perpetual peace and friendship are acknowledged to have been recieved by him previous to his signing the same, according to a reciept which is hereto annexed, except such part as is promised on the part of the United States to be delivered and paid by them on the arrival of their Consul in Tripoly, of which part a note is likewise hereto annexed. And no presence of any periodical tribute or farther payment is ever to be made by either party.

 

ARTICLE 11.

As the government of the United States of America is not in any sense founded on the Christian Religion, -as it has in itself no character of enmity against the laws, religion or tranquility of Musselmen,- and as the said States never have entered into any war or act of hostility against any Mehomitan nation, it is declared by the parties that no pretext arising from religious opinions shall ever produce an interruption of the harmony existing between the two countries.

 

ARTICLE 12.

In case of any dispute arising from a notation of any of the articles of this treaty no appeal shall be made to arms, nor shall war be declared on any pretext whatever. But if the Consul residing at the place where the dispute shall happen shall not be able to settle the same, an amicable referrence shall be made to the mutual friend of the parties, the Dey of Algiers, the parties hereby engaging to abide by his decision. And he by virtue of his signature to this treaty engages for himself and successors to declare the justice of the case according to the true interpretation of the treaty, and to use all the means in his power to enforce the observance of the same.

 

To all to whom these Presents shall come or be made known. Now Know ye, that I David Humphreys Commissioner Plenipotentiary aforesaid, do approve and conclude the said Treaty, and every article and clause therein contained, reserving the same nevertheless for the final Ratification of the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the said United States.

In testimony whereof I have signed the same with my Name and Seal, at the City of Lisbon this 10th of February 1797.

[Seal] DAVID HUMPHREYS

 

THE UNITED STATES RATIFICATION AND PROCLAMATION

It is under the Great Seal and is signed by Adams and attested by Pickering as Secretary of State; but before the testimonium clause is this paragraph of ratification and proclamation:

Now be it known, That I John Adams, President of the United States of America, having seen and considered the said Treaty do, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, accept, ratify, and confirm the same, and every clause and article thereof. And to the End that the said Treaty may be observed and performed with good Faith on the part of the United States, I have ordered the premises to be made public; And I do hereby enjoin and require all persons bearing office civil or military within the United States, and all others citizens or inhabitants thereof, faithfully to observe and fulfil the said Treaty and every clause and article thereof.

 

All of the above is copied from: Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America; Volume 2: Documents 1-40 : 1776-1818; Department of State; U.S. Government Printing Office; Washington, 1931

 

Let me use the Tripoli Treaty as an example of how tradition-bound Enlightened Christians use the Bible. They have been taught in church that the f-ing fathers were good Christians who intended for the government to be based on Christianity. So they go looking not for the truth, but for snippets of information that seem to support their tradition. Alas and alack, unofficial stuff is all they can find. And when they read documents like the official Great Secular Seal and the official Tripoli Treaty, both carefully deliberated and written by the f-ing fathers themselves, they find that they don’t like the truth and are offended by the f-ing fathers’ plainly-stated official position so they reject the facts by either ignoring them with a who-knows-what-it-means? snappy little Pontius Pilate comeback, or they try to excuse and explain them away. In other words, official U.S. Government documents penned personally by the f-ing fathers have no more authority than the authorized words of God when they differ from what Christians sincerely think is right and good. Christians in this Age of Reason are their own authority and will submit to neither official government documents nor the Bible when those sources are deemed offensive. That is one of the reasons I have gone to considerable trouble to go back to the beginning of history and put events into chronological perspective: I want people to see that all of this stuff verifies itself because it is so consistent with everything in history and in the Bible. And I want them to see that if the f-ing fathers were good Christians they would have endorsed different preachers, read and enjoyed different authors and thinkers, would not have produced the Declaration of Independence, the Great Secular Seal, the Constitution, or the Tripoli Treaty, and would have been ostracized by the Enlightened elite of their day. If the f-ing fathers had wanted to use Christianity as some kind of foundation for government or society it would have been a glaring departure from their philosophy and it would have been inexplicably contradicted by their actions.

 

This official Tripoli Treaty undermines the modern political activism of Christian organizations today. They want people to think the f-ing fathers in some way founded our government on the Christian religion, that the f-ing fathers were good Christians, and that the original government of the f-ing fathers has been made secular by evil men hoping to subvert the “Judeo-Christian heritage” our f-ing fathers supposedly wanted us to have. In attempting to explain away the damning wording of Article 11, modern Christians point out that the above is “only” the English translation of the treaty made on the scene by U.S. diplomat Joel Barlow, and as such it differs slightly from the wording of the Arabic translation. For example, the suspicious Arabs didn’t include Article 11 in their copy, and the Arab copy has many references to their deity that do not appear in the American copy. Politically motivated Christians hope you’ll not know that the above Barlow translation is the official copy our f-ing fathers used because they couldn’t read the Arabic copy. The exact text above – including Article 11 – was read aloud in the Senate, all senators received a copy, and they read, accepted, approved, and – in a unanimous vote – ratified it. That’s why the above official text is recorded in the government’s volume of U.S. treaties. President Adam’s detailed wording of his ratification and proclamation is somewhat unusual and has caused some to think he was making an early point about Article 11 in the hope that Americans would follow their government’s lead by being more Enlightened and less religious. The above copy was published in all newspapers (as was common during the nascent period of the U.S.) and read by the populace with no outcry. Note: Before the U.S. f-ing fathers invented the blasphemy of secular governments it was customary for governmental documents to glorify the national deity. Therefore in America one or two pre-Constitution treaties did refer to our God, because they were concluded before our f-ing fathers had decided and agreed to create the world’s first secular constitution in 1789. After 1789, because of the Constitution and the Great Seal, any Article 11 clarification by the f-ing fathers about the secular nature of our government was redundant and unnecessary in any treaty or governmental document. The inclusion of Articles 9-11 suggests the Tripoli negotiations were unusually tough. At any rate the government never again felt the need to include clarifications about the secular nature of the U.S. government in our treaties – other than continuing to affix the Great Secular Seal to each and every official document to constantly make that point over the last two centuries!

 

THE GREAT SECULAR SEAL

When John Adams, Ben Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson created the Great Seal of the United States of America they designed it to be a deliberate statement to the nation and to the world. The Great Seal is on the back of a U.S. dollar bill. The front of the Seal has a pyramid with the Enlightened eye as its chief corner stone, which was borrowed from the Egyptian all-seeing eye of the hawk god, Horus, a symbol of knowledge. Around the pyramid in Latin it says Annuit Coeptis and Novus Ordo Seclorum. Annuit means approves and is a verb without a subject, which suggests the Great Seal’s “Eye of Knowledge” or “Nature’s God of Reason” is the understood subject. Coeptis means the beginning. Novus Ordo is new order. Seclorum means seculars. (Recent claims that seclorum means “ages” have been rejected because they’d make the use of the word seclorum superfluous and unnecessary because “new order” and “new order of the ages” mean the same.) Seclorum also confuses people because it’s a plural modifier of the singular order. But the foundinging fathers’ use of a singular with a plural is explained by the Great Seal’s E Pluribus Unum (“From Many, One”). In sum, the singular-plural quote means: “Nature’s God of Reason approves the beginning of this new secular order/government formed from thirteen states.” (Some Christians, when you point to the Great Secular Seal, will indignantly argue the Latin word can’t mean secular because of the words In God We Trust on the dollar bill. That will be covered later because I want to keep things chronological, and In God We Trust wouldn’t show up until long after the f-ing fathers were moldering in their graves.) Because there was nothing unusual about another new nation, the dramatic and shocking revelation on the Great Seal was the word secular. Christians who try to convince the ignorant that the f-ing fathers wanted to create a Christian nation hate the Great Seal and never bring it up. But there is something else they ignore about the Great Seal – it is official. If you want to quote something official by the f-ing fathers in order to show their intent you need go no further than the Great Seal on a dollar bill.

 

Dollar Bill

 

Great Secular Seal

 

On the back of the Seal the original bird was an Egyptian Phoenix (or it may have been a hawk) rising from the ashes of ancient Greece and Rome to create a modern nation in accordance with the principles of their philosophy. Later, when Franklin’s suggestion that the turkey be the national bird was rejected, the phoenix was changed to a bald eagle.

 

There were many, many things the f-ing fathers could have written on the Great Seal. Many ideas were considered but none was deemed as important as the revelation that they were creating a secular order. People around the world were growing accustomed to the fact that they had humanists, or to use the popular and redundant term, secular humanists, in their midst, but for a government to officially and openly exclude God from its affairs was blasphemy – and the Great Secular Seal would be affixed to all official government documents! No government in history had ever been Godless or godless before. Now that the Revolution was won the f-ing fathers were coming out of the closet, and from now on every official act they did would be carefully and deliberately secular. For political reasons they would continue to throw out a few “Christian” lines in an attempt to placate naïve pewsters – but never anything official.

 

The f-ing fathers hoped the fact that they were creating a secular government would impress the world’s Enlightened elite, mollify pagan nations traditionally at enmity with Christian nations, and at the very least produce neutral reactions from Christian nations because so many of them were also Enlightened.

 

End of excerpt from the Historical Section of

The Age of Reason Bible study.

 

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